The Ritz-Cartlton, Şişli/İstanbul- Turkey




  • Air Conditioning
  • Balcony
  • Broadband Internet
  • Car Park
  • Central heating
  • Dishwasher
  • Garden
  • Gym
  • Kitchen
  • Lawn
  • Lift
  • Luxury Property
  • Refrigerator
  • Sauna
  • Security System
  • Swimming Pool
  • Washer
  • WiFi



A New Life in the Bosphorus

– 14 Blocks 156 residences
– High technology material quality in block and residential areas
– Indoor and Outdoor Parking Areas
– 24 hour security service – Intercom system in all residences
– Siemens built-in hood, cooker, oven, refrigerator, washing machine, dishwasher, LG Air Condition
– 2 outdoor and 1 indoor swimming pool
– Activity center consisting of Fitness Center and Social Facilities


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Bosphorus Strait
İstanbul Boğazı

Bosphorus Strait İstanbul Boğazı is located in Istanbul

Bosphorus Strait İstanbul Boğazı
Bosphorus Strait
İstanbul Boğazı

Coordinates 41°07′10″N 29°04′31″ECoordinates41°07′10″N 29°04′31″E
Type Strait
Part of Turkish Straits
Basin countries Turkey
Max. length 31 km (19 mi)
Min. width 700 m (2,300 ft)
Max. depth 110 m (360 ft)

Bosporus is located in Europe


A map depicting the locations of the Turkish Straits, with the Bosporus in red, and the Dardanelles in yellow. The territory of Turkey is highlighted in green.

Location of the Bosporus (red) relative to the Dardanelles (yellow) and the Sea of Marmara.

Close-up satellite image of the Bosporus strait, taken from the International Space Station in April 2004. The body of water at the top is the Black Sea, the one at the bottom is the Marmara Sea, and the Bosporus is the winding waterway that connects the two. The western banks of the Bosporus constitute the geographic starting point of the European continent, while the banks to the east are the geographic beginnings of the continent of Asia. The city of Istanbul is visible along both banks.

Aerial view of the Bosporus taken from its northern end near the Black Sea (bottom), looking south (top) toward the Marmara Sea, with the city center of Istanbul visible along the strait’s hilly banks.

The Bosphorus Strait (/ˈbɒspərəs, ˈbɒsfərəs/;[a] Ancient GreekΒόσπορος Bosporos [bós.po.ros]Turkishİstanbul Boğazı ‘Istanbul strait’, colloquially Boğaz) or Bosporus Strait is a natural strait and an internationally significant waterway located in northwestern Turkey. It forms part of the continental boundary between Asia and Europe, and divides Turkey by separating Anatolia from Thrace. It is the world’s narrowest strait used for international navigation.

Its water drainage consists of: The Sea of Azov (Ukraine & Russia) → Kerch Strait → The Black Sea (Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine, Russia & Georgia) → Bosphorus Strait (Turkey) → The Sea of Marmara (Turkey) → Dardanelles Strait (Turkey) → Aegean Sea (Greece & Turkey) → Mediterranean Sea → Atlantic Ocean

Most of the shores of the Bosporus Strait, except for those in the north, are heavily settled, straddled by the city of Istanbul‘s metropolitan population of 17 million inhabitants extending inland from both coasts.

The Bosporus Strait and the Dardanelles Strait are known as the Turkish Straits.


The name of the channel comes from the Ancient Greek Βόσπορος (Bósporos), which was folk-etymologised as βοὸς πόρος, i.e. “cattle strait” (or “Ox-ford”[b]), from the genitive of boûs βοῦς ‘ox, cattle’ + poros πόρος ‘passage’, thus meaning ‘cattle-passage’, or ‘cow passage’.[7] This is in reference to the mythological story of Io, who was transformed into a cow, and was subsequently condemned to wander the Earth until she crossed the Bosporus, where she met the Titan Prometheus, who comforted her with the information that she would be restored to human form by Zeus and become the ancestress of the greatest of all heroes, Heracles (Hercules).

The site where Io supposedly went ashore was near Chrysopolis (present-day Üsküdar), and was named Bous ‘the Cow’. The same site was also known as Damalis (Δάμαλις), as it was where the Athenian general Chares had erected a monument to his wife Damalis, which included a colossal statue of a cow (the name δαμάλις translating to ‘heifer’).[8]

The English spelling with -ph-Bosfor has no justification in the ancient Greek name, and dictionaries prefer the spelling with -p-[a] but -ph- occurs as a variant in medieval Latin (as Bosfor, and occasionally BosforusBosferus), and in medieval Greek sometimes as Βόσφορος,[9] giving rise to the French form Bosphore, Spanish Bósforo and Russian Босфор. The 12th century Greek scholar John Tzetzes calls it Damaliten Bosporon (after Damalis), but he also reports that in popular usage the strait was known as Prosphorion during his day,[10] the name of the most ancient northern harbour of Constantinople.

Historically, the Bosporus was also known as the “Strait of Constantinople”, or the Thracian Bosporus, in order to distinguish it from the Cimmerian Bosporus in Crimea. These are expressed in Herodotus‘s Histories, 4.83; as Bosporus ThraciusBosporus Thraciae, and Βόσπορος Θρᾴκιος (Bósporos Thráikios), respectively. Other names by which the strait is referenced by Herodotus include Chalcedonian Bosporus (Bosporus ChalcedoniaeΒοσπορος της Χαλκηδονιης [Bosporos tes Khalkedonies], Herodotus 4.87), or Mysian Bosporus (Bosporus Mysius).[11]

The term eventually came to be used as common noun βόσπορος, meaning “a strait”, and was also formerly applied to the Hellespont in Classical Greek by Aeschylus and Sophocles.


As a maritime waterway, the Bosporus connects various seas along the Eastern Mediterranean, the Balkans, the Near East, and Western Eurasia, and specifically connects the Black Sea to the Sea of Marmara. The Marmara further connects to the Aegean and Mediterranean seas via the Dardanelles. Thus, the Bosporus allows maritime connections from the Black Sea all the way to the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean via Gibraltar, and the Indian Ocean through the Suez Canal, making it a crucial international waterway, in particular for the passage of goods coming in from Russia.

  • ID: 15926
  • Published: May 1, 2021
  • Last Update: August 21, 2022
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